Public Enemies Tidbit #15 - Texas & Tennessee

by Bryan Burrough

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Public Enemies Tidbit #15 - Texas & Tennessee

Unread postby Liz » Mon Jan 28, 2008 1:22 pm

Due to limited time and space, I cannot post all information on every place we visit. I’ve tried to stick to the basics and/or some interesting or relevant facts.

Some quick facts about Texas:

• The capitol is Austin
(the heart in DITHOT)
• The largest city is Houston
• It is the 2nd largest state in size (261,797 square miles) and in population (20,851,820) in the US.
• The largest metropolitan area is the Dallas/Fort Worth/Arlington area.

Clyde Barrow and Bonnie Parker first paired up on Dallas, TX.


Dallas is the third-largest (as estimated by the United States Census Bureau on 1 July 2006) city in the state of Texas and the ninth-largest in the United States. Residents of Dallas are called Dallasites. The city covers 385 square miles and is the county seat of Dallas County. As of July 1, 2006, U.S. Census estimates put central Dallas at a population of over 1.2 million. The city is the main economic center of the 12-county Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington metropolitan area. At 6 million people, it is the fourth-largest metropolitan area in the United States. About a quarter of all Texans live in the Dallas/Fort Worth/Arlington metropolitan area.

Dallas was founded in 1841 and formally incorporated as a city on 2 February 1856. The city's economy is primarily based on the petroleum industry, telecommunications, computer technology, banking, and transportation. It is the core of the largest inland metropolitan area in the United States and lacks any navigable link to the sea—Dallas's prominence despite this comes from its historical importance as a center for the oil and cotton industries, its position along numerous railroad lines, and a strong industrial and financial sector.
Recent History

In 1930, oil was discovered 100 miles east of Dallas and the city quickly became the financial center for the oil industry in Texas and Oklahoma. In 1958 the integrated circuit was invented in Dallas by Jack Kilby of Texas Instruments, which punctuated the Dallas area's development as a center for high-technology manufacturing. During the 1950s and 1960s, Dallas became the nation's third-largest technology center, with the growth of such companies as Ling-Temco-Vought (LTV Corporation) and Texas Instruments. In 1957 two developers, Trammell Crow and John M. Stemmons, opened a Home Furnishings Mart that grew into the Dallas Market Center, the largest wholesale trade complex in the world. On 22 November 1963, President John F. Kennedy was assassinated on Elm Street while his motorcade passed through Dealey Plaza in downtown Dallas.

In the 1970s and 1980s, Dallas underwent a building boom that added to a distinctive contemporary profile and prominent skyline for downtown Dallas. The 1980s also saw many oil industry companies relocate to Houston in order to be closer to offshore operations and the Port of Houston. However, Dallas was beginning to benefit from a burgeoning technology boom at the same time, driven by the growing computer, microchip, and telecommunications industries. Dallas also remained a strong center of banking, insurance, and business. The mid-to-late 1980s were tumultuous for the city when many Dallas banks collapsed from the Savings and Loan crisis. The hit effectively threw the city's economy to its knees and plans for hundreds of millions of dollars worth of development were scrapped. The city remained in recession during the 1990s but the explosive growth of technology-based businesses kept the city's economy fairly stable—During the 1990s, Dallas became known as the Silicon Prairie, similar to California's Silicon Valley.

Recession continued to plague the city into the early 21st century. From 1988 to 2005, not a single high-rise structure was built within the downtown freeway loop, and the city was running out of developable land in north Dallas and Lake Highlands. Totally hemmed in on the north by suburbs, most new housing was being built in Carrollton, Coppell, Frisco, McKinney, Plano and Richardson. By the mid-2000s, the dried up downtown market began to turn around with the construction of multiple art venues, office towers, residential towers, and residential conversions. Downtown housed little over 1,600 residents in 2000, but by the year 2010, the North Central Texas Council of Governments expects over 10,000 residents to be living in the neighborhood.

Bonnie’s 2nd grade class picture. (Bonnie is highlighted by the red dot.)


BONNIE PARKER (circa 1925) photo given to classmate
Dorothy Vance (maiden name) by Bonnie Parker

CEMENT CITY HIGH GROUP PHOTO - dated April 19, 1927
Includes Freshman, Sophomore, Junior and Senior classes
Back of the group photo includes name and classification of each student
Dorothy Vance Sophomore, J.T. Youngblood Sophomore, Billie Parker Freshman
By the time that this photo was taken Bonnie Parker
had already quit school and married Roy Thornton.
Look at those hairstyles!

Cement City High School

***A heads up to all of you Dallasites***…..sign up for this upcoming tour:

Running With Bonnie & Clyde Tour
May 26, 2008

Uncover the lives of those famous outlaw lovers from Dallas, Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow. This action-packed adventure includes stops in West Dallas, Oak Cliff, Dallas, and the now modern ambush highways of Irving. See the last remaining building in Dallas where Bonnie worked as a young "porcelain skinned" waitress; where Clyde was hustled away daily by the "Laws" and the location of an attempted ambush of Bonnie and Clyde at Esters Road and Highway 183. Participants will also visit a "safe house" where a gunfight broke out between Clyde Barrow and six officers in 1933, the site of the Barrow's Star Service station as well as the graves of both Bonnie & Clyde.

The tour will be led by local author John Neal Phillips, Running with Bonnie and Clyde: The Ten Fast Years of Ralph Fults and My Life with Bonnie & Clyde--The Blanche Caldwell Barrow Memoirs.

For more information call: 214-421-4500


Pg. 25: The attraction between Bonnie and Clyde was immediate, but the romance was short-lived. Several nights later Dallas police arrested Clyde for burglary. When the charges fell through, he was transferred to Waco to face another set of charges. Bonnie, who was obsessed with Clyde and his exciting adventures with the law, moved into a cousin’s home in Waco. When another inmate told Clyde he had a gun at his home, Clyde persuaded Bonnie to smuggle it into the jail. Clyde and two other men used the pistol a few days later to make their escape. They lit out north, crossing Oklahoma into Missouri and driving on into Indiana, stealing cars and burglarizing stores. Police finally caught up with them in Middletown, Ohio, taking Clyde into custody following a car chase. He was returned to Waco, where a judge gave him a fourteen-year sentence in the brutal state prison at Huntsville.

Pg. 189-192: Clyde smuggles guns into Huntsville Prison, aiding in the jail break of Raymond Hamilton and Joe Palmer.


Huntsville is a city in and the county seat of Walker County, Texas, United States. The population was 35,078 at the 2000 census. It is the center of the Huntsville micropolitan area. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 31.2 square miles, of which, 30.9 square miles of it is land and 0.3 square miles of it (1.09%) is water. The population density was 1,135.1 people per square mile.
Huntsville is located in the East Texas Piney Woods on the Interstate 45 corridor between Houston and Dallas. Huntsville is home to Sam Houston State University, the Texas Department of Criminal Justice, Huntsville State Park, the HEARTS Veterans Museum of Texas, and the Texas Prison Museum. It also served as the residence of Sam Houston (the noted Texas general, elected leader, and statesman), who is recognized in Huntsville by the Sam Houston Memorial Museum and also by an enormous statue on Interstate 45.

Huntsville is the headquarters of the Texas Department of Criminal Justice (the only state agency with headquarters outside of Austin). As such, it houses the execution chamber of the state of Texas. Executions take place in the historic downtown prison known as The Walls Unit, also known as the Huntsville Prison.

In reference to its prison, "Huntsville" is the title and subject of a country music song by Merle Haggard, on the album, Someday We'll Look Back.

On April 21, 1930 Clyde Barrow became prisoner #63527.

From Bonnie & Clyde’s Hideout site.

It was here, behind the furthest column that Clyde had killed his first man, a vicious building tender named Ed "Big Ed" Crowder. The 6' tall 200 pound Ed had been preying upon the young Clyde Barrow who decided that he wasn't going to take it any more. His separation from Bonnie, the wait for a reduction in his sentence, the heavy workload in the fields and witnessing a young inmate being murdered by an older convict left Clyde feeling hopelessly despondent. Unaware that his mother's attempts to obtain an early parole for him were successful, he had a fellow convict chop off two of his toes with an axe. This way he could get a break from his duties on the farm while recovering in the prison infirmary. The youthful Barrow was granted an early parole and he left the prison on February 2, 1932 on crutches.


Aubrey Scalley had taken the blame for Clyde Barrow's revenge attack on Ed Crowder. Scalley later received a Conditional Pardon from Governor Shivers in December of 1953:



Pg. 23:

Near Wellington, Texas
Saturday, June 10

Clyde Barrow and his girlfriend Bonnie Parker were driving through the Texas Panhandle, heading to a meeting with Clyde’s brother Buck at a bridge on the Oklahoma border…..

Pg. 28:

That Saturday night, Clyde was driving east on Texas Highway 203, a dirt grade rarely maintained by state construction crews. Six miles east of the hamlet of Quail, the bridge over the Salt Fork of the Red River had been destroyed. In the darkness Clyde passed the fallen danger sign at over seventy miles an hour.



Quail is a census-designated place (CDP) in Collingsworth County, Texas, United States. The population is 64.

The first settlers were the Atkinson brothers (W. I. and T. S.), who established their families in dugout homes in1890 and planted cotton.

A post office was established in 1902 and a school, store and cotton gin all began operations in 1904. A telephone wire strung on a barbed wire fence connected Quail with Wellington. In 1910 the Quail Feather was first published. A new school was built in 1927 and the town's population peaked in 1930 with 300 people.

The large red dot marks “The Red River Plunge”

The U.S. Highway 83 Truss Bridge - Built in 1939 to replace the earlier bridge over the Salt Fork of the Red River, six miles north of Wellington in Collingsworth County. This is the site of what has been called "The Red River Plunge of Bonnie & Clyde," where the Barrow gang drove off into the river. Bonnie was badly burned; and it is said she couldn’t walk without assistance for the rest of her short life. The current bridge is being threatened with demolition by TXDOT even though it is listed on the National Register.

The Burned Car



Collingsworth County’s first resident settled the area in 1876. When the county was organized in 1890, Wellington had a rival for county seat. Only two miles from Wellington, Pearl City was thought to be a shoe-in.

The management of the Rocking Chair Ranch urged their employees to join the Wellington camp. The strange name was in honor of the Duke of Wellington. (A distant relation of a Rocking Chair Ranch partner was present at the Battle of Waterloo.) Voters in the county were offered free town lots if they voted for Wellington. Hardly anyone was surprised when Wellington defeated Pearl City.

Wellington got a saloon (moved from Pearl City) and a post office (mail via Memphis) in the same year of 1891. The county voted dry in 1898, eliminating the saloon.

Cotton replaced cattle as the major economic influence and the town had 600 people when the Wichita Falls and Northwestern Railway came through in 1910. As of the census of 2000, there were 2,275 people in Wellington.


Pg. 74: Between forays to Chicago and St. Paul in search of partners, Kelly (Machine Gun) lived at Kathryn’s home on East Mulkey Street in Fort Worth, Texas.


Fort Worth is the fifth-largest city in the state of Texas, 18th-largest city in the United States, as well as the fastest growing large city in the nation from 2000-2006 and was voted one of "America’s Most Livable Communities."

Fort Worth covers nearly 300 square miles in Tarrant and Denton counties, serving as the county seat for Tarrant County. As of the 2006 U.S. Census estimate, Fort Worth had a population of 653,320.

Established originally in 1849 as a protective Army outpost at the foot of a bluff overlooking the Trinity River, the city of Fort Worth today still embraces and boasts of being more down-home, laid-back, and is proud of its traditionally old-fashioned ways when compared to its larger, more flashy eastern neighbor, Dallas.

The Fort

Major General William Jenkins Worth (1794-1849) was second in command to General Zachary Taylor at the opening of the Mexican-American War in 1846. Born in Hudson, NY, Worth was a tall and commanding figure said to be the best horseman and handsomest man in the Army. He was of a manly, generous nature, and possessed talents that would have won him distinction on any field of action. While leading his troops, Worth himself personally planted the first American flag on the Rio Grande.

Under General Taylor, Worth conducted negotiations for Mexico's surrender of Matamoros and was entrusted with the assault on the Bishop's Palace in Monterrey, Mexico. The assault on the Bishop's Palace was a hazardous undertaking. Worth and his troops managed to drag their cannon and ammunition over adverse terrain and up sheer cliff faces while under constant heavy enemy fire. Worth passed from post to post during the entire action on horseback escaping personal injury and losing a minimal number of his soldiers.

Worth played a critical role in the capture of Puebla (Mexico's second largest city in 1846) and was one of the first to enter the city of Mexico, where he personally cut down the Mexican flag that waved over the National Palace. At the end of the Mexican-American War in 1848, Worth was placed in command of the Department of Texas in 1849.

In January 1849 Worth proposed a line of ten forts to mark the Western Texas frontier from Eagle Pass to the confluence of the West Fork and Clear Fork of the Trinity River. One month later Worth died from cholera. Worth was a well respected and decorated U.S. Army General at the time of his death and a hero of three wars. Fort Worth, Texas; Lake Worth, Florida; and Worth County, Georgia are named in his honor.

Upon Worth's death, General William S. Harney assumed command of the Department of Texas and ordered Major Ripley A. Arnold to find a new fort site near the West Fork and Clear Fork. On June 6, 1849, Arnold established a camp on the bank of the Trinity River and named the post Camp Worth in honor of General Worth.

In August 1849 Arnold moved the camp to the North-facing bluff which overlooked the mouth of the Clear Fork of the Trinity River. The U.S. War Department officially named the post Fort Worth on November 14, 1849.

Although Indian attacks were still a threat in the area, pioneers were already settling near the fort which was flooded the first year and moved to the top of the bluff where the courthouse sits today. No trace of the original fort remains.

The Town

1920 panorama

Fort Worth went from a sleepy outpost to a bustling town when it became a stop along the legendary Chisholm Trail, the dusty path where millions of cattle were driven North to market. Fort Worth became the center of the cattle drives, and later, the ranching industry. Its location on the Old Chisholm Trail, helped establish Fort Worth as a trading and cattle center and earned it the nickname "Cowtown."

During the 1860s Fort Worth suffered from the effects of the Civil War, and Reconstruction. The population dropped as low as 175, and money, food, and supply shortages burdened the residents. Gradually, however, the town began to revive.

By 1872 Jacob Samuels, William Jesse Boaz, and William Henry Davis had opened general stores. The next year Khleber M. Van Zandt established Tidball, Van Zandt, and Company, which became Fort Worth National Bank in 1884.

In 1876 the Texas & Pacific Railway arrived in Fort Worth causing a boom and transformed the Fort Worth Stockyards into a premier cattle industry and in wholesale trade. The arrival of the railroad ushered in an era of astonishing growth for Fort Worth as migrants from the devastated war-torn South continued to swell the population and small, community factories and mills yielded to larger businesses. Newly dubbed the nickname, "Queen City of the Prairies", Fort Worth supplied a regional market via the growing transportation network.

Fort Worth became the westernmost railhead and a transit point for cattle shipment. With the city's main focus being on cattle and the railroads, local businessman, Louville Niles, formed the Fort Worth Stockyards Company in 1893. Shortly thereafter, the two biggest cattle slaughtering firms at the time, Armour and Swift, both established operations in the new stockyards.

With the boom times came some problems. Fort Worth had a knack for separating cattlemen from their money. Cowboys took full advantage of their last brush with civilization before the long drive on the Chisholm Trail from Fort Worth up North to Kansas. They stocked up on provisions from local merchants, visited the colorful saloons for a bit of gambling and carousing, then galloped Northward with their cattle and whoop it up again on their way back. The town soon became home to Hell's Half Acre, the biggest collection of bars, dance halls and bawdy houses South of Dodge City, giving Fort Worth the nickname of "The Paris of the Plains."

Postcard from the 1920s

Fort Worth, January 2007


Pg 74-75: On July 13, Agent Charles Winstead was sent to reconnoiter a scraggly ranch outside Paradise, Texas, north of Fort Worth, where Kathryn’s mother lived with a cantankerous old rancher named Robert “Boss” Shannon…..It was to the Shannon Ranch that the Kellys brought the blindfolded Charles Urschel nine days later.

A stone silo and garage in Paradise is typical of the rockwork found throughout North Texas
Photo by John Troesser, February 2004

Originally called Eldorado when it was settled in the 1870s, the name was rejected by postal authorities. Paradise Prairie was suggested, accepted, and then shortened to its current name. A post office branch started operation in 1876. Like most towns of its era, nothing much happened until the railroad arrived. In this case it was the Rock Island line and the date was 1893. And like most towns of its era, it moved to be near the railroad. In this case it was only a mile NE.

The town prospered despite its proximity to the county seat of Decatur. Paradise in 1900 had two cotton gins, two hotels and a newspaper - the Paradise Echo - plus the normal quota of churches and schools for a town its size.

Populations rose and fell, but never went over 500 Paradisians. People started commuting to Fort Worth after WWII, and the population dropped--it was estimated at 275 in the 1980s and has since increased to the current (2005) figure of 450.



"Home of the Friendliest People in Texas"

Maybe that is why Machine Gun Kelly picked it as one of his hideouts. (see map in Public Enemies)

Coleman County, Texas Panhandle / Texas Hill Country
I-283 and Hwy 84
52 miles SE of Abilene on Hwy 84
148 miles SW of Fort Worth
Population: 5,127(2000)

The Gibson Brothers of Coleman operated the Coca Cola Bottling Works there from 1927-1931.
1928 photo courtesy Barclay Gibson


Pg. 117-118:
Just past Hillsboro, at the town of Itasca, she spotted a family of three forlorn hitchhikers outside a filling station. She pulled up beside them. She had an idea.
“Y’all want a ride?” Kathryn asked.
The Hitchhikers were Depression refugees, an itinerant Oklahoma farmer named Luther Arnold: his wife, Flossie Mae; and their twelve-year old daughter, Geralene.

Itasca Cotton Oil Mill, 1932
Photo courtesy


Itasca is on Interstate 35 West at the edge of the Blackland Prairie in the northeast corner of Hill County.

G. M. Dodge of New York purchased 100 acres as an agent for the Missouri, Kansas and Texas Railroad in 1881. The town was platted on the Arthur Renshaw survey. Town lots went on sale on October 10, 1881. The first building, a general store, was erected by Will I. Hooks and James H. Griffin. Rev. J. W. Lackey became the pastor of the newly built Cumberland Presbyterian Church in 1884. The Itasca Mail began the same year; in 1900 its name was changed to Itasca Item. The weekly paper continued publication for over 100 years. The town was incorporated in 1885 and by 1890 had a population of 548. An artesian well dug in 1893 was the primary source of water. A two-story frame schoolhouse built by Robert E. Lee Masonic Lodge No. 449 opened in 1887. In 1920 the streets were paved, and Lone Star Gas began providing service in 1923.

The Itasca Cotton Manufacturing Companyqv began operation in 1901. The mill and mill village were completed within the year. On an average the company purchased 10,000 bales of local cotton annually. The company manufactured sheeting, drill, and ducking and employed 350 people. The mill was closed from January 1932 to May 1933. About 1935 the Itasca Weavers Guild was established to utilize cloth left over from wholesale orders. A "factory direct store" was organized in Dallas as early as 1949. Within five years eleven stores were located throughout Texas.

Switzer Woman's College and Conservatory of Music moved from Weatherford to Itasca in 1902, then to Dallas in 1912. Burney Military Academy subsequently operated for two years before it too closed. By 1906 the town population was 2,500. The community supported seven grocery stores, two furniture stores, two banks, two hotels, four cotton gins, and a bottling works. In 1937 Hill County Electric Cooperative was founded by Earl Farrow to service the rapidly growing rural population. The cooperative was the third to be established under the Rural Electrificationqv Act.

The town began to decline in May 1962, when the Itasca Cotton Manufacturing Company was sold to Harris Electric Manufacturing Company. Fewer employees were necessary, and the need for local raw materials dropped. The population of Itasca in 1990 was 1,523. Major businesses included the Hill County Electric Cooperative, the Itasca Item, Itasca Grain and Storage, the Itasca Gin, and the Itasca Presbyterian Children's Home. Wheat, grain sorghum, some cotton, and cattle are grown in the area. In 2000 the town reported sixty-nine businesses and a population of 1,503.

And interesting story….

The Itasca Mail was the town's first newspaper. Renamed the Item in 1900, the paper continued publishing for over 100 years when a rival paper came to town. The rival paper underestimated potential revenues and it pulled out a short town later, leaving the town without news. The local high school took up the slack and took on the responsibility of providing residents with local news. This unusual story reached the New Yorker magazine in 2003 and plans were made for a movie. The experience gained at the newspaper has caused several graduates to enter journalism programs in various universities - and the fruits of this inventive program will continue to are yet to be seen. It is a program that would serve many communities without newspapers.

We will say adios to Texas now and head out on the road for Tennessee….


Pg. 130-133: The Arnolds were witing for Geralene when she arrived in Oklahoma City that night. So was the FBI. The little girl told Pop Nathan everything she knew. The Kellys, she said, were staying at a home on East Raynor Street in Memphis….


Memphis is a city in the southwest corner of Tennessee, and the county seat of Shelby County. Memphis rises above the Mississippi River on the 4th Chickasaw Bluff just south of the mouth of the Wolf River.

As of 2006, Memphis had an estimated population of 670,902, making it the largest city in the state of Tennessee, the second largest in the southeastern region (only to Jacksonville, Florida), and the 17th largest in the United States.

The greater Memphis metropolitan area, including the adjacent counties of Mississippi and Arkansas, has a population of 1,260,581. This makes Memphis the second largest metropolitan area in Tennessee, surpassed only by metropolitan Nashville.

Memphis is the youngest of Tennessee's four major cities (traditionally including Knoxville, Chattanooga, and Nashville).

A resident of Memphis is referred to as a Memphian and the Memphis region is known as the Mid-South.


Memphis was founded in 1820 , the city was named after the ancient capital of Egypt on the Nile River.

The cotton economy of the antebellum South depended on the forced labor of large numbers of African-American slaves, and Memphis became a major slave market.

Tennessee seceded from the Union in June 1861 and Memphis briefly became a Confederate stronghold. Union forces captured Memphis in the Battle of Memphis on June 6, 1862, and the city remained under Union control for the duration of the war. Memphis became a Union supply base and continued to prosper throughout the war.

20th Century

Cotton merchants on Union Avenue (1937)

Memphis grew into the world's largest spot cotton market and the world's largest hardwood lumber market. Into the 1950s, it was the world's largest mule market.

From the 1910s to the 1950s, Memphis was a hotbed of machine politics under the direction of E. H. "Boss" Crump. During the Crump era, Memphis developed an extensive network of parks and public works as part of the national City Beautiful Movement.

During the 1960s the city was at the center of civil rights issues, notably the location of a sanitation workers' strike. Martin Luther King, Jr. was assassinated on April 4, 1968 at the Lorraine Motel.

Memphis is well known for its cultural contributions to the identity of the American south. Many notable blues musicians grew up in and around the Memphis and northern Mississippi area. These included such musical greats as Muddy Waters, Robert Johnson, B.B. King, and Howlin' Wolf.


Memphis has a humid subtropical climate, with four distinct seasons. The summer months (late May to late September) are dominated by heat between 68 °F (20 °C) and 95 °F (35 °C), and Humidity due to moisture encroaching from the Gulf of Mexico. Afternoon thunderstorms are frequent during some summers, but usually brief, lasting no longer than an hour. Early Autumn is pleasantly drier and mild, but can remain hot until late October. Abrupt but short-lived cold snaps are common. Late Autumn is rainy and colder, December being the third rainiest month of the year. Winters are mild, but cold snaps can occur.

The Arts

Memphis is the home of founders and establishers of various American music genres, including Blues, Gospel, Rock n' Roll, and "sharecropper" country music (in contrast to the "rhinestone" country sound of Nashville). Johnny Cash, Elvis Presley, and B. B. King were all getting their starts in Memphis in the 1950s. They are respectively dubbed the "King" of Country, Rock n' Roll, and Blues.
Well-known writers from Memphis include Civil War historian Shelby Foote and playwright Tennessee Williams.


The city's central location has led to much of its business development. Located on the Mississippi River and intersected by two Interstate highways, Memphis is ideally located for commerce among the transportation and shipping industry. The city is home to the world's busiest cargo airport, which serves as the primary hub for FedEx shipping.

Memphis is home to a growing number of nationally and internationally known corporations, including approximately 150 businesses from 22 countries. This includes the corporate headquarters of FedEx Corporation, AutoZone Incorporated and International Paper.

The entertainment and film industry has developed in recent years. Several major motion pictures have been filmed in Memphis, including The Firm (1993), Cast Away (2000) and Walk the Line (2005).

Points of Interest

National Civil Rights Museum

The National Civil Rights Museum is located in the former Lorraine Motel where Martin Luther King, Jr. was assassinated. It includes a historical overview of the American civil rights movement.

Brooks Museum of Art

The Memphis Brooks Museum of Art, founded in 1916, is the oldest and largest fine art museum in the state of Tennessee. The Brooks' permanent collection includes works from the Italian Renaissance and Baroque eras to British, French Impressionists, and 20th-century artists.


Graceland, the former home of Rock 'n' Roll legend Elvis Presley, is one of the most visited houses in the United States (second only to the White House), attracting over 600,000 domestic and international visitors a year. Featured at Graceland are two of Presley's private airplanes, his extensive automobile and motorcycle collection and other Elvis memorabilia. On November 7, 1991 Graceland was listed in the National Register of Historic Places.

Pink Palace

The Pink Palace Museum, serves as the Mid-South's major science and historical museum, and features exhibits ranging from archeology to chemistry. It includes America's third largest planetarium and an IMAX Theatre. One exhibit features a replica of the original Piggly Wiggly store, the first self-service grocery store, commemorating the invention of the supermarket by Memphian Clarence Saunders in 1916.

Memphis Walk of Fame

The Memphis Walk of Fame is a public exhibit located in the Beale Street historic district, which is modelled after the Hollywood Walk of Fame, but is designated exclusively for Memphis musicians, singers, writers, and composers. Honorees include W. C. Handy, B. B. King, Bobby Blue Bland, and Alberta Hunter among others.

Cotton Museum

The Cotton Museum is a museum that opened in March 2006 on the old trading floor of the Memphis Cotton Exchange at 65 Union Avenue in downtown Memphis.

Beale Street

Blues fans can visit Beale Street, where a young B.B. King used to play his guitar. He occasionally still appears there at the club bearing his name, which he partially owns. Street performers play live music, and bars and clubs feature live entertainment around the clock. In 2008, Beale Street is the most visited tourist attraction in the state of Tennessee.

Sun studio

Sun studio was where Elvis Presley first recorded "My Happiness" and "That's When Your Heartaches Begin". Other famous musicians who got their start at Sun include Johnny Cash, Rufus Thomas, Charlie Rich, Howlin' Wolf, Roy Orbison, Carl Perkins, and Jerry Lee Lewis.

Memphis Zoo

The Memphis Zoo, which is located in midtown Memphis, features many exhibits of mammals, birds, fish, and amphibians from all over the world.


Other Memphis attractions include the Liberty Bowl Memorial Stadium (also at the Midsouth Fairgrounds), Detour Memphis - an art and performing space, the Pyramid Arena, FedExForum, and the Memphis Queen riverboat cruises.

Pyramid Arena

The Kellys in Court

Kelly being escorted to prison after his conviction


Bonnie & Clyde Hideout ... -Texas.htm
You can't judge a book by its cover.

The only thing that matters is the ending. It's the most important part of the story.

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Unread postby gemini » Mon Jan 28, 2008 8:03 pm

Liz If you ever get tired of the zone and want a new position, you would make a great tour guide.
Do the 2nd graders in Bonnie's class look a bit old for 7 or 8 yrs old or did they start school later in those days? She was an honor student but it seems that wasn't enough to keep her in school. I think dropping out to get married in those days wasn't considered the way it is today, as marriage was the most prized career. Even though she was supposed to be so bad after everything I've read, I still feel sorry for her.

She seems to have been dealt a rough life. Her father died when she was 4 and they lived in poverty. Married at sixteen, separated at 19, then running into Clyde, living in cars, and ending up burnt and injured, and dying at 23. This was not the exciting life she was seeking. In the controversy about her several people who knew her said she never fired a gun.
In reading about the ambush where B&C were killed. It said Clyde was killed with the first shot to his head. Bonnie did not die as easily as Clyde. The posse reported her uttering a long, horrified scream as the bullets tore into the car.

I can't say I feel the same about Kathryn, machine gun Kellys 2nd wife. Comparison between her and Bonnie show how unfair life is. Kathryn was a criminal in her own right before marrying Kelly, rumored to have got away with murdering her 2nd husband. Many historians think Kathryn was the mastermind behind Kellys robberies and helped plot Urschel's kidnapping. She was captured with Kelly in 1933 and sent to prison and released in 1958.
"If there are no dogs in Heaven, then when I die I want to go where they went." Will Rogers

Growing old is mandatory, growing up is optional.

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Unread postby Liz » Mon Jan 28, 2008 8:28 pm

Gemini, I agree with you in your assessment of these two women. We'll be getting into the women behind these men in more deppth when we discuss the book. I find them all quite interesting.

I also thought that the girls looked older than 7, although she looked like she could have been that age. I'm wondering if it was a combination class with a range of grades, and it was just labeled as 2nd grade because that was the grade she was in. From the pictures I've seen of Bonnie, she looked at least 10 years older than she actually was. I think it must be a combination of a hard life and the nature of old photos.

BTW I'd love to be a tour guide, if it wasn't for the fact that I HATE to speak in front of groups.
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Unread postby DeppInTheHeartOfTexas » Mon Jan 28, 2008 10:32 pm

Liz, I have lived in Texas most of my life, in many different parts of the state, and you unearthed some places I've never heard of! You could definitely be a tour guide! I would love to take that May tour in Dallas. When I lived there I knew the graves of Bonnie & Clyde were there but never took the time to find them. Excellent tidbit! :cool: Of course I wouldn't be prejudiced at all... :blush:
Life is not a journey to the grave with the intention of arriving safely in a pretty and well preserved body, but rather to skid in broadside, thoroughly used up, totally worn out, and loudly proclaiming -
Wow! What a ride!

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Unread postby Theresa » Mon Jan 28, 2008 10:44 pm

Ah, now you've gotten closer to my neck of the woods. I went to Sam Houston State University...and my dorm was about two blocks from The Walls. (quite a few years after Clyde was housed there, of course!)

Luckily, there were no prison escapes while I was living in Huntsville. :grin:


DITHOT -- I don't think you're prejudiced about this tidbit at all. Any tidbit about Texas Image must surely be excellent!

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Unread postby DeppInTheHeartOfTexas » Mon Jan 28, 2008 11:39 pm

Theresa, my son went to Sam! You could actually see Walls from his first dorm. :-O
Life is not a journey to the grave with the intention of arriving safely in a pretty and well preserved body, but rather to skid in broadside, thoroughly used up, totally worn out, and loudly proclaiming -

Wow! What a ride!

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Unread postby Lucky13 » Tue Jan 29, 2008 9:16 am

Great tidbit, Liz !!

Seeing that night skyline of Dallas brought back some great memories from a "Girls Weekend" in 2006. I enjoyed the city / people very much..... very friendly and welcoming !

As for the rest of the locations, I think I need to put some of them on my "Places to See" List ! :cool:
~ Yah, I wanna take that ride with you!

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Unread postby Liz » Tue Jan 29, 2008 2:45 pm

theresa wrote:Ah, now you've gotten closer to my neck of the woods. I went to Sam Houston State University...and my dorm was about two blocks from The Walls. (quite a few years after Clyde was housed there, of course!)

Luckily, there were no prison escapes while I was living in Huntsville. :grin:


DITHOT -- I don't think you're prejudiced about this tidbit at all. Any tidbit about Texas Image must surely be excellent!

Glad to see that Texas pride is still alive and well. :grin:

I had never heard of Sam Houston State University before; and now I know two people who attended it.

Lucky 13, that picture of the Dallas skyline at night was just too hard to resist--gorgeous. I love that green argon building.
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Unread postby suec » Tue Jan 29, 2008 8:02 pm

Wow. Very informative tidbt, and the Bonnie and Clyde tour sounds great. That's a must-do for someone, surely. That picture of the Red River plunge site with the river is just as I imagined it.
"Luck... inspiration... both only really happen to you when you empty your heart of ambition, purpose, and plan; when you give yourself, completely, to the golden, fate-filled moment."

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